Short answer questions chapters 29, 30, 32 AHWM

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1. The Franco-Prussian War of 1870–1871 led to the political unification of the modern nation of ________.

2. Hans von Bülow premiered the famous cyclic Sonata in B Minor composed by ________.

3. In moving from C minor to C major in his First Symphony, Brahms emulated the tonal trajectory and tonality of Beethoven's Symphony No. ________.

4. Simultaneous use of duple and triple divisions of the beat is a hallmark of the composer ________.

5. 1cBeethoven's Tenth 1d is how Hans von Bülow described the first symphony composed by ________.

6. A composition constructed of repetitions of an ostinato bass and sometimes an associated harmonic progression, in which each repetition is an opportunity for variation, is called a(n) ________.

7. Anton Bruckner's primary instrument was ________.

8. The large-scale structures, great length, lush harmonies, and sequential repetition of entire passages in Bruckner's symphonies are evidence of the influence of the music of ________.

9. ________'s music provided the principal model for adherents of the Cecilian Movement.

10. Despite its narrative connotations, Richard Strauss claimed that the underlying musical form of his Till Eulenspiegels lustige Streiche corresponded to a(n) ________.

11. In the 1880s, the conductor Édouard Colonne first introduced ________ to edify audiences about the music they were to hear.

12. The Parisian school founded in 1853 to provide instruction especially in church music was called the ________.

13. The French equivalent of a German Lied was called a(n) ________.

14. Evoking Beethoven's famous Piano Sonata, Op. 13, Tchaikovsky's Sixth Symphony is subtitled ________.

15. Elgar's popular set of orchestral variations is called ________.

16. In a typical American march, the tunes are presented in musical periods that are also known as ________.

17. In the terminology of American popular song, the frequent scoring of song refrains for multiple voices led to their being called ________.

18. The song publishing industry in the 1880s and 1890s was based in a New York neighborhood popularly known as ________.

19. The singing practice of African slaves in which short phrases were alternately sung by a leader and group is known as ________.

20. The religious songs of southern slaves, passed down through oral tradition and often expressing longing for freedom, are known as ________.

21. Mahler's interweaving of Romantic fantasy and modern style with references to a classical past has a close counterpart in the paintings of the contemporary Viennese artist ________.

22. Composers like Debussy and Mahler evoked an exotic, Far-Eastern quality through their use of a five-note scale called the ________ scale.

23. The tragic play by Sophocles that was the source for Strauss's opera was ________.

24. At the end of World War II, Richard Strauss evoked Beethoven in a lament for string orchestra titled ________.

25. In the course of visits to Russia, Debussy came to know music written by ________, whose works influenced his own technique.

26. Modernist French music that evoked a mood, feeling, atmosphere, or scene in a detached or disrupted manner was often associated with the literary movement known as ________.

27. Falla's ________ for solo guitar illustrates his combination of national with international traits, and of folk elements with modernist ones.

28. Sibelius's compositional practice of repeatedly cycling through a series of thematic elements that are varied at each repetition has been given the technical name of ________ form.

29. Satie's effort to combine music with other art media resulted in ballet works such as ________.

30. The new instruments developed by Luigi Russolo and his colleagues in the 1910s were called ________.