Let me start with giving just three titles for each category I named.
The links lead you to information about the book on www.amazon.com or wikipedia.
It's also a good idea to take a look on www.goodreads.com .
Books on Musical Performance
Books on music by musicians
Music, language and the brain
Novels with music in an important role
(Auto)biographies and egodocuments
Books on history
Classics from literature
Nobel Prize winners
Roman-fleuve (novel cycles)